October 1, 2020
Day 275 of 366
October 1st is the 275th day of the year. It is Independence Day in multiple locations, including Cyprus (separated from the United Kingdom in 1960), Nigeria (from the United Kingdom in 1960), Palau (from the UN Trust Territory status in 1994), and Tuvalu (from the United Kingdom in 1978).
Historical items of note:
- In 1507, Italian architect Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola. He designed the Church of the Gesù in Rome.
- In 1861, Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management was published, going on to sell 60,000 copies in its first year and remaining in print until the present day.
- In 1890, Yosemite National Park was established by the United States Congress.
- In 1891, Stanford University opened its doors in California.
- In 1893, Hong Kong martial artist Ip Man was born. He was a grandmaster of the martial art Wing Chun and had several students who later became martial arts masters in their own right, the most famous among them being Bruce Lee.
- In 1920, actor Walter Matthau was born.
- In 1921, actor James Whitmore was born.
- In 1924, Naval lieutenant, politician, humanitarian, and Nobel Prize laureate Jimmy Carter was born. He was the 39th President of the United States.
- In 1930, Irish actor Richard Harris was born.
- In 1931, the George Washington Bridge was opened, linking New Jersey and New York.
- In 1935, actress and singer Julie Andrews was born.
- In 1958, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics was replaced by NASA.
- In 1961, the United States Defense Intelligence Agency was formed, becoming the country’s first centralized military intelligence organization.
- In 1968, Guyana nationalized the British Guiana Broadcasting Service, which would eventually become part of the National Communications Network, Guyana.
- Also in 1968, cult zombie film Night of the Living Dead, directed by George A. Romero, was released.
- In 1971, Walt Disney World opened near Orlando, Florida.
- Also in 1971, the first practical CT scanner was used to diagnose a patient.
- In 1982, Epcot opened at Walt Disney World in Florida.
- Also in 1982, Sony and Phillips launched the compact disc in Japan. On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.
- In 1989, Denmark introduced the world’s first legal same-sex registered partnerships.
- Also in 1989, actress Brie Larson was born. I thought she was brilliant was Captain Marvel.
In 1536, the Lincolnshire Rising began.
The Lincolnshire Rising was a brief rising by Roman Catholics against the establishment of the Church of England by Henry VIII and the dissolution of the monasteries set in motion by Thomas Cromwell. Both planned to assert the nation’s religious autonomy and the king’s supremacy over religious matters. The dissolution of the monasteries resulted in much property being transferred to the Crown.
Led by a monk and a shoemaker called Nicholas Melton, some 22,000 people are estimated to have joined the rising. It quickly gained support in Horncastle, Market Rasen, Caistor, and other nearby towns, and Dr. John Raynes, the chancellor of the Diocese of Lincoln, who dragged from his sick-bed and beaten to death by the mob as the commissioners’ registers were seized and burned.
The protest effectively ended on October 4th when the King sent word for the occupiers to disperse or face the forces of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. By October 14th, few occupiers remained in Lincoln. Following the rising, the vicar of Louth and Captain Cobbler, two of the main leaders, were captured and hanged at Tyburn. Most of the other local ringleaders were executed during the next twelve days.
In memory of the event, Lincolnshire Day is observed every October 1st.
The Thing About Today is an effort to look at each day of 2020 with respect to its historical context.
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